These guidelines apply to patients with Type 1 and Type 4 reactions to latex. The need for specific guidelines is because exposure to latex can lead to local and serious systemic reactions, including anaphylaxis. Latex is ubiquitous in hospitals, and as a result affected patients are presently at considerable risk. A latex free product list must be drawn up and kept readily available within areas of emergency treatment. In institutions where powdered latex gloves are used the most difficult part of providing a latex safe environment is ensuring that the patient's air is not contaminated with powder from latex gloves, as this alone can trigger serious reactions in sensitive individuals. Prophylaxis with steroids and H1 and H2 antagonists has not been found to prevent serious reactions, and should not be relied upon.
Hospital Management - Australasian Society of Clinical Immunology and Allergy (ASCIA)
Natural rubber latex is used in the manufacture of various FDA-regulated products, such as condoms and medical gloves. Here, a physical science technician inspects medical gloves in related integrity testing at an FDA laboratory in Irvine, CA. For this and other FDA photos, go to Flickr. The reason for this recommendation is that the agency is not aware of any tests that can show a product contains no natural rubber latex proteins that can cause allergic reactions. Without a way to verify that a product is completely free of these proteins, a claim that it is "latex free" is scientifically inaccurate and may be misleading.
Latex allergy: Protecting patients and staff
Deborah Accetta, Kevin J. Allergic IgE antibody-mediated reactions to proteins retained in natural rubber latex NRL , although decreasing in prevalence, are still a concern in many clinical practices due to possible sensitization of healthcare workers exposed to latex in the office setting and patients with histories of latex allergy who present in the office. In this article, the authors outline the risk factors for latex allergy, describe the symptoms of latex allergy, and provide direction on how to create an environment safe for medical care of latex-allergic patients. In addition, treatment of anaphylaxis to NRL is outlined, including precrisis steps in preparation for anaphylactic reactions in the office surgery setting.
If you have a latex allergy, your skin or mucous membranes eyes, mouth, nose, or other moist areas react when latex touches them. A severe latex allergy can affect breathing and cause other serious problems. Latex is made from the sap of rubber trees. It is very strong and stretchy.